Training of the researchers of MRS and CRI at University of the Philippines
TRTA II organized training for the researchers of Mango Research Station (MRS) and Citrus Research Institute (CRI) on Postharvest Technology Management and Extension (Focus on Mango and Citrus) at Postharvest Horticulture Training and Research Center, Crop Science Cluster, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines, Los Banos from April 6-16, 2014.
The objectives of the training were to get the international perspective on the trends and challenges in the fresh produce supply chains and their impact on postharvest management, study the physiological and physio-chemical changes in harvested produce that impact on quality, learn the Pre-harvest modifiers of quality and safety, study the Safety factors and quality assurance programs and gather knowledge about Codes of Hygienic Practices, HACCP, Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Hazards in fresh produce
The researchers were also trained on Harvesting and Postharvest Quality Management and Postharvest extension delivery systems.
Various aspects of kinnow and mango farming and post harvest processing were discussed during the training. The researchers discussed with the trainers about the trends and challenges in the fresh produce supply chains and their impact to postharvest management.
The participants of the training gained better understanding of the new aspects of the kinnow and mango farming and post harvest processing particularly with regard to Quality factors in horticultural produce, Requirements for local and export markets, Physiological and physic-chemical changes in harvested produce that impact on quality.
The researchers were also trained on Integrated Crop Management System, Safety factors and quality assurance programs, Precooling techniques, Grading, standardization and inspection, Packaging, Ripening and degreening, Postharvest insect and disease control, Storage systems (low temperature, atmosphere modification, chemical treatments, etc.) and Transport systems/cold chain, Packhouse infrastructures, operation and management
SMALL SCALE HOT WATER TREATMENT UNIT
The researchers observed that in Philippines, at most of the mango farms “Hot Water Treatment” of mango fruit is carried out. It is very simple, valuable and cost effective arrangement/unit and working successfully to control the fruit fly and to reduce post harvest losses. Mango farmers in Philippines use this facility for mangoes to be sold in local markets also. This small unit has the ability to control the infestation caused by fruit fly by killing the eggs and maggots if present inside the fruit. It is a very simple unit with a, heating source, fruit holding tank and water circulation unit. It eradicates the fruit fly infestation and as a result the post harvest losses are minimized. The researchers also learned that in Philippines, at many mango farms bagging of mango fruit is carried out to protect the fruit from fruit fly infestation.
HARVESTER FOR CITRUS
For export purposes the fruit should be harvested very carefully, the researchers observed that in Philippines a specific Harvester for Citrus has been designed to harvest the citrus fruits safely.
Small scale Hot Water Treatment Unit, Bagging mango fruit and citrus harvester, should be introduced in Pakistan to improve the fruit quality and achieve compliance.